A stress fracture is a small break or crack in the bone. Stress fractures may develop from overuse, such as from high-impact sports like football, distance running or basketball.
Most stress fractures occur in the weight-bearing bones of the foot and lower leg. Research shows that athletes participating in tennis, track and field, gymnastics, dance, and basketball are at an increased risk for stress fractures. In all of these sports, the continued stress of the foot striking the ground can cause problems.
Rest is the best remedy to recover from a stress fracture.
A stress fracture is an overuse injury. When muscles are overworked, they are no longer able to lessen the shock of repeated impacts. When this happens, the muscles transfer the stress to the bones. This can create small cracks or fractures.
The most common sites of stress fractures are the second and third metatarsals of the foot. Stress fractures are also common in the heel, the outer bone of the lower leg, and the navicular, a bone on the top of the mid-foot.